In its Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, a unanimous tribunal in Apotex, Inc. v. United States dismissed a Canadian manufacturer’s claims that the United States judiciary had violated NAFTA by mis-applying a regulatory time period.
Most of the reaction to Apotex has focused on the tribunal’s decision that the claimant’s activities in the United States—and in particular its submissions for regulatory approval—did not constitute an “investment” under NAFTA Article 1139. While the tribunal struggled with claimant’s assertion that the regulatory filings were actually treated as “property” as a technical matter, the Award essentially concluded that Apotex simply had no [...]
The value of investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) procedures has lately been questioned by a number of countries. The Australian Government’s 2011 Trade Policy Statement – stating that Australia would not agree to ISDS in its treaties – caused much debate and controversy. In part, Australia’s policy was motivated by the Philip Morris claim, instituted in response to legislation requiring the plain packaging of cigarettes. Since then, a change of government in 2013 has meant that Australia has retracted considerably from its strict position. The current Government has indicated it will consider the inclusion of ISDS on a case-by-case basis. While the Government agreed to the inclu [...]
By Henri Alvarez and Alexandra Mitretodis, Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP
In Sociedade-de-fomento Industrial Private Limited v. Pakistan Steel Mills Corporation, decided on June 2, 2014, the Court of Appeal of British Columbia set the test in international arbitration for enforcing foreign arbitral awards by freezing assets. The decision confirms that a party with limited association to British Columbia may enforce an arbitral award by Mareva injunction without an onus to first establish that enforcement elsewhere was not possible. In considering when to grant an injunction, the court may consider the relative ease or difficulty of enforcement abroad, among other factors. Delay, inconvenie [...]
The ICSID Convention threshold for arbitrators’ challenges, upholding challenges only if arbitrators exhibit a manifest lack of the qualities required to sit as arbitrators (Art. 57 ICSID Convention), has in the past been criticized as being too strict.
Recently, however, few decisions, discussed in this post, seem to show that the ICSID “manifest” threshold is being interpreted differently, and more in line with the more common “appearance of bias” standard.
In Blue Bank v. Venezuela, decided in November 2013, the Chairman of the World Bank Administrative Council (Chairman), Dr. Jim Yong Kim, decided and accepted the proposal to disqualify Claimant’s appointee, José María Alon [...]
The Institute for Transnational Arbitration (ITA) held its 26th Annual ITA Workshop in Dallas, Texas on June 18-20, 2014. This year’s ITA Workshop, titled “Modern Enforcement of Arbitral Awards: ‘Show Me the Money,’” covered a range of recent developments and strategic considerations relating to the enforcement of arbitral awards.
To kick-off this Workshop, the ITA Young Arbitrators Initiative Committee presented the Young Arbitrators Dallas Roundtable on June 18th. The Roundtable was divided into two panels, each consisting of three experienced international arbitration practitioners.
Valeria Galíndez, Counsel at Uría Menéndez in São Paulo and Chair of the ITA Yo [...]
The keynote speaker at this year’s ITA Annual Workshop was the Honorable Bernardo Sepúlveda-Amor. Judge Sepúlveda-Amor is Vice President of the International Court of Justice and a professor of international law at El Colegio de México. He has previously served on the United Nations International Law Commission, as Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Affairs, and as its Ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom.
Judge Sepúlveda-Amor shared his perspectives on the relationship between the enforcement of international arbitral awards and State responsibility under international treaties. Several tribunals, he explained, have held States responsible for failure to enforce arbitra [...]